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Game Development

Top 11 Python Frameworks For Game App Development

written by Nitin Garg | Dec 06, 2021
Python Frameworks For Game App Development

Have you ever wondered which programming language was used to develop some of the most popular game apps like Battlefield 2, World of Tanks, and Pirates of the Caribbean?

These games have been developed using the Python programming language. 

The Python programming language is gaining popularity worldwide and has emerged as an outstanding choice for developers to quickly build feature-rich video games.

According to a survey conducted by Statista, Python ranks at the top of the list of the most wanted programming languages among developers worldwide in 2021. 

Image Source: Statista.com

If you run a game app development company or a freelance video game developer, knowing the steps of making games with Python gives you an edge over your competitors.

Here in this blog, we are going to present you with the 11 types of Python frameworks for the development of video games. Before that shall we discuss why Python is for game app development?

Why Use Python for Video Game Development?

The Python programming language makes it easy to develop games. In response to the gaming industry’s rapid growth, Python development has established itself as an excellent choice for developers seeking to develop video games quickly.

Its best aspect is its clear, clean syntactic structure which seems an easy option for game developers, to begin with, video game development.  

The following are some of the great benefits of using the Python framework for game development.

  • Easy to use UI. 
  • Freely available to download. 
  • Comparatively to other programming languages such as C, Java, and Swift, Python is easy to understand and easy to code in.
  • Python is an object-oriented programming language. 
  • The portable framework offers support for pretty much all operating systems.
  • Due to Python’s open-source nature, anyone can modify it to meet their requirements.
  • Excellent documentation makes it easy for beginners to gain knowledge about the different features of the Python programming language. 
  • Good community support system.
  • Great integrated development environment
  • Extensive support for external libraries
  • An efficient data structure
  • Python can be easily integrated into any existing application. 
  • Reusability of code.
  • Debugging is easy.

There are hundreds or thousands of games built using the Python programming languages. Some of my favorite games are mentioned below. 

  • EVE Online
  • Disney’s ToonTown Online
  • Battlefield2
  • Sid Meier’s Civilization IV
  • Frets on Fire
  • Freedom Force
  • Star Trek: Bridge Commander
  • World of Tanks
  • The Sims 4
  • Pirates of the Caribbean Online

Main 3 Type of Python Framework-

Mainly these 3 types of framework we have

  1. Full Stack Framework – 

Full-stack development is for both front-end and back-end development. Front-end is like graphics design, User Interface & back-end is database, security and business logic. 

  1. Microframework-

Micro frameworks are the definition of lightweight. We can say that a microframework is the opposite of a full-stack framework in some ways. In the word microframework, “micro” signifies that the framework’s “core is simple but extensible”.

The component of the fundamental full-stack framework is a database management system and security measures. 

  1. Asynchronous Framework-

Asynchronous programs are event-driven, rather than line by line operational handling. In line-by-line operations, one function runs after the other.  Asynchronous code is non-blocking and does not wait for one event to execute before starting others. 

Here Go Our List 11 Best Python Game Development Frameworks

1. Pygame-

Pygame is an open-source Python library created with the help of C, Python, Native, and OpenGL. By using the Pygame framework multimedia video games are developed on top of the SDL library. Pygame allows the developer to build fully-featured multimedia games by using Python. It is highly portable and used on all platforms or operations systems.

Features of Pygame

  1. Usable with all operating systems.
  2. Multiple CPUs can be used easily
  3. Lower coding needed

2. PyKyra-

PyKyra is the second and most valuable framework used in game development. This is the fastest game development framework for Python. Pykyra is based on both Software and Documentation Localisation (SDL) & Kyra engine. It has all the standard features. PyKyra supports MPEG Video, Sound such as MP3, Ogg Vorbis, Wav, etc., multi-channel files, and direct images. 

Feature of PyKyra-

  1. Run-on various platforms like Linux, Unix, Windows, Solaris, and POSIX. 
  2. Fastest game development framework 
  3.  It supports MPEG Videos, MP3 Sound and multi-channel files, etc. 

3. Pyglet-

Pyglet is another open-source, cross-platform windowing & multimedia Python library used for video game development. Pyglet is a powerful Python library. It can create games and other visuals on Mac, OS X, Windows, and Linux. It supports OpenGL graphics, Joysticks, User interface event handling, Loading images and video, and playing sounds and music. It runs under Python 3.5+ & works on other Python interpreters like PyPy.

Features of Pyglet- 

  1. No additional installation or dependencies required
  2. Support for Videos & Audios 
  3. Written in 100 % pure Python 
  4. It supports Python2 & Python 3 both.

4. PyOpenGL-

PyOpenGL is one of the most commonly-crossed platform Python bindings to OpenGL & related APIs. PyOpenGL is a standard bridge between Python and OpenGL APIs. It supports multiple operating systems like X11, macOS & Windows. We use PyOpenGL to render the images at the end of the article. With the help of PyOpenGL, you can easily handle videos and audio libraries. 

Features of PyOpenGL- 

  • Built-in shaders for common use cases
  • Cross-language support
  • Dedicated cross-platform API for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics. 

Additional Perk: Why is Golang better than Python for Web Development?

5. Kivy-

Kivy is a cross-platform Python for the fast development of applications. It has a novel user interface like a multi-touch application. It can be run on Linux, macOS, Windows, Android, and iOS. It can natively use inputs, protocols, and devices.  The framework is powered by the GPU (Graphic Technic Unit) library which is used to accelerate the speed of your development. It comes with more than 20 widgets that are highly extensible. Kivy is a very popular engine for developing mobile game applications.

Features of Kivy-

  1. A graphical library OpenGL ES 2.
  2. To design custom widgets, support multi-notch.
  3. Natural User Interface.

6. Panda3D-

Panda3D is written in Python and C++. It is an open-source and completely free-to-use game engine. This is used for real-time 3D games, visualizations, simulations, experiments, and more. It supports third-party libraries like Bullet physics engine, OpenAL, FMOD sound library, and Assimp model loader. The power of graphics cards is exposed by the use of an easy-to-use API. Panda3D increases the speed of C++ with the ease of Python. Overall a good learning experience after doing Panda3D. This is a good tool to create Python development. Panda3D is the fastest downloadable free game engine among others. 

Features of Panda3D-

  1. Written in C++
  2. Asset handling is flexible 
  3. Performance profiling 
  4. Rapid Prototyping

7. Ren’Py-

Ren’Py is written in Python and Cython, it’s a free and cross-platform engine for digital storytelling that makes it easy to combine with real words, images, and sounds to create visual novels and life simulations. With the help of Ren’Py developers can work with complex logic games. It runs all operating systems. 

Features of Ren’Py-

  1. Multi-language supportive
  2. Runs all operating systems
  3. Can create visual novels 

8. Python-Ogre-

It is a Python binding of a C++ library for the OGRE3D engine. It is a cross-platform Python frameworks for software development. Python-Ogre inherits speed and flexibility. It is written in C++ and has a 3D rendering engine. PyOgre has two libraries. The first one is Ogre3D which is a rendering engine and the second one is GEGUi which is an embedded GUI system. 

Features of Python-Ogre –

  1. Free computer libraries 
  2. Python Libraries 
  3. Free 3-D Graphics

Read More: Swift vs Python: Performance, Speed and Development Cost

9. Cocos2D- 

Cocos2D is an open-source cross-platform Python frameworks for game app development that supports 2D and 3D  game creation. This is written in Python, C++, and Objective C.  Cocos2D is an open-source Python framework for web development like Django that can be used to build games, apps, and other cross-platform GUI-based programs. The framework makes use of a thin platform-dependent layer that can be used to build games, apps, and other cross-platform.

Features of Cocos2D-

  1. Animation 
  2. Physics system 
  3. Editor support
  4. Multiple frameworks 

10. Godot-

Godot is another add-on in our list of Python frameworks list 2022 an engine for 2D & 3D game development. Due to its pixel-based measurement system, the go dot shines when it comes to 2D. It is an incredibly versatile engine for 3D game development. The node-based interface is helpful and new. 

Features of Godot-

  1. Innovative design 
  2. Gorgeous graphic design 
  3. Animate everything 
  4. Debug & Optimize 
  5. Can create 2-D games with ease 

11. PySoy-

PySoy is a cross-platform Python game engine developed that enables developers to build and deploy games on the cloud.  This is designed for OpenGL ES 2.0 to run virtually. PySoy is the best game engine for Python.

Features of PySoy

  • Easy syntax and less code required
  • Can be used with machine learning/artificial intelligence

Which Framework Is Best For Python Beginners?

Pygame is the perfect framework for Python beginners. This is an open-source library. Pygame framework is used for multimedia applications which include games. Pygame framework games are on top of an excellent SDL library. SDL library is a combination of C, Python, Native, and OpenGL. Pygame framework is highly portable and runs on all operating systems. It is easy to code and implements. 

How Do You Create A Framework?

If you want to develop a Python framework, it is necessary that you are aware of what it consists of. A framework mainly consists of URL, routing, 3D modules & templates. You have to understand all sections and indeed to learn. After developing all sections, join or add them. Once when all the components are in an operating situation, please create a project and test it. After successful testing, upload it to PyPI. 

Is Pygame is best  Python framework-

Yes, Pygame is the best Python framework to develop a game app. It is easy to code and easily usable. Can be operated on all operating systems. Had an open-source Python library. 

Conclusion- 

In-game app development Python has been used very widely for the last few years. There are a lot of Python frameworks that are developed with different features. Games like Battlefield 2, Pirates of the Caribbean Online, Freedom Force, World of Tanks are developed with Python frameworks. Hire Dedicated Developers prefer Python over other programming languages because it is easy to code, UI is better than others, freely available to download, codes are reusable, etc.

Python has 3 main frameworks-Full Stack Framework, Microframework & Asynchronous Framework. Mainly these 3 frameworks are the reason behind all Python game development engines. We have Python game development engines like PaySoy, Pygame, PyKyra, Pyglet, PyOpenGL, Kivy, etc. These are the Python-based game engines created with the help of C++, C, Python & Cython, Native, etc. These engines had different codes and features we explained already in this blog. These frameworks can be used on all operating systems like Windows, Linux, X11, Mac OS X, etc. 

Pygame is one of the best Python frameworks and libraries to start from beginning game app development. Because it’s easy and accessible. To create a framework you need to learn about 3D modeling, routing, and templates. After these, you can easily develop a Python framework and game engine

Nitin Garg

I am Nitin Garg Founder of BR Softech PVT LTD - an Award-winning, app, web & game development company. We are armed with 180+ geeks & 2753 clients worldwide, I have driven by the spirit of entrepreneurship and dream to build a billion-dollar-company.

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