Technology has a dramatic impact on our lives. As most individuals started to efficiently program computers, programming languages became more potent with luxurious features and high functionality.
Programming languages are used to instruct the computer in a language that the computer understands.
It’s a set of commands and instructions that empowers humans to instruct and control machines efficiently. It can help you create a software program integrating rich features via keeping up with the recent trends.
Mainly, programming languages are categorized into two categories one is a high-level programming language, and the other is low-level language.
High-level programming languages are designed to be easy to read and understand. It enables developers to write source code in logical words or symbols. The best example of the high-level programming language is Java, C++, PHP, and a lot more.
A low-level programming language provides developers with a minimal amount of abstraction at the smallest possible cost to perform and offer efficiency. A program written using low-level programming language can be made to run very quickly with a small memory footprint. The best example of the low-level programming language is assembly language.
So far, thousands of different top programming languages have created. You must be wondering which is the best programming language in 2021? Most of the programming languages consist of instructions for computers to implement algorithms. With several programming languages available, selecting the one can be a daunting task. Furthermore, it has become essential to possess programming knowledge for individuals to get desired placement worldwide.
Even after having so much popularity, Go lang is not in so much demand of developers as per shown in this graph released by Github. According to Octoverse 2019, this language was not among the top 10 programming languages of the last decade but now, it has 10th place in the list of fastest growing languages.
Let’s know more about the most in-demand programming languages among developers worldwide as of 2021.
New Programming Languages of the 2021
To answer your curiosity, here we are listing top 10 programming languages of the future that will emerge in 2021. The coming year is considered as the progressive era in terms of programming languages that might bring the programming world to a new place altogether.
Without further ado, let’s find the new programming languages 2021 formobile app development, web development, game development and a lot more.
Python was first released in 1991 and created by Guido van Rossum. It’s the first love for any novice user since the early 1980s. Python is one of the simplest languages considered to be a high-level, general-purpose interpreted programming language.
This may surprise you seeing this language here on number #1. Let us help you find the reason. This futuristic user-friendly programming language is fast to code and easy to learn.
According to a report from IEEE Spectrum, Python is a king for a majority of ranking metrics, and it reigns in the enterprise, web, and embedded programming landscapes.
Python is considered as a gold mine of capabilities enabling developers to developvirtual reality-based app offering ultimate user experience. This versatile language is used to develop a variety of applications. It offers a seamless experience and is provided with endless possibilities to create the next big thing using trending technologies likeartificial intelligence and machine learning.
Extensive library support
User-friendly data structures
Presence of third-party modules
Open-source with the ever-growing popularity
Easy to learn
Offer the ability to develop a complex application
User-friendly data structures
Focuses on the code readability
Limitation of Speed
For Mobile Development g
Python Memory Consumption is high.
Run time error
Problems with Threading
Limitation of DataBase Access
Operating System Development
Web Framework and Web Application Development
Enterprise and business applications
Graphical User Interface Desktop Application Development
For Game Development
Being in the industry for years, it captures the developer’s attention. It first appeared in 1995, with flexible options to run any browser window.
Java is a general-purpose computer network programming language that is simultaneous, class-based, object-oriented, and specially designed to have as few dependencies as possible on execution. It is designed to allow application creators to “write once, run anywhere” (WORA), which means that compiled Java code can run on all Java-supporting systems without recompiling.
A recent survey conducted by the TIOBE index stated, Java has become a top programming language.
It can adapt to a dynamic environment that promotes dynamic allocation of memory by reducing memory waste and increasing application performance. By using a bytecode, which can be readily translated into native machine code,Java achieves exceptionally high efficiency.
Java supports Multithreading
Automatic Memory Management
Stability and massive community
Remote Method Invocation(RMI)
The security risk is low
Good for enterprise computing
Poor Performance in Speed
Paid for the commercial license
Poor Memory Management
Not Support unsigned Data Type
Development of Web Servers and Application Servers
Development of Enterprise Applications
Build Desktop GUI Applications by using AWT and Swing
Development of Game Engine
Development of Cloud Application
Development of Distributed Application
Google web toolkit [GWT]
JavaServer Faces [JSF]
Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ as an addition of the C language with important, generic programming features.
C++ is one of the influential object-oriented, general-purpose programming languages. It plays a crucial role in developing an advanced game app offering lucrative gameplay.
In this progressive era, C++ language can be used in developing virtual reality on the Unreal Engine 4 platform. It allows developers to create anaugmented reality, virtual reality concept without writing the code. For additional features and functionality, developers may require to write the code.
You can easily find a C++ developer with an extraordinary skill set to develop and create great outstanding concepts and games using trending technologies.
C++ support rich function library
C++ support Multi-paradigm
C++ is an Object-Oriented Programming Language
Large Community Support
The speed of execution is fast.
Security is low
Not Support Garbage Collector
Not support Built-in Thread
C++ use Use of Pointers
Development of Operating System
Development of Game
Development of Web Browser
Development of Graphics
Development of Database Software
This widely-used programming language is easy to use and enables developers to create a high-level application in this language. It works well for the WEBVR platform involved in the production of web-based applications.
Easy to learn
Client-Side Scripting Language
It extended the functionality of web page
No Compilation is needed
Easy to debug and testing
Speed is fast
Code is always visible
Not Support all Web Browser
Sluggish bit-wise function
Web Application Development
Web Server Application Development
Game Development using HTML5
Mobile App Development
Smart Watch Application
Go is Google’s second language that has gained immense popularity. It was constructed by Robert Griesemer and introduced in 2009 at Google. Considering its high-level features, it’s now being used by many businesses around the globe and for a multitude of apps; some of Go’s programming customers are Dropbox, Google, SoundCloud, Cloudflare, Docker and Cloud Foundry.
Go is a compiled programming language that blends security and static language with the efficiency of an interpreted language. This language is modern, multicore computers with other networking skills. It claims that its production processes over 50 million logs a day. It relies entirely on the analysis of static code.
Swift programming language was first introduced in June 2014 worldwide by Apple Inc. For iOS, macOS, iPads, TVOS, watches, Linux, and Z/OS. Its a general-purpose, multi-paradigm,iOS app development programming language.
This powerful and intuitive programming language is designed to work with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa touch framework. Its first award in Stack Overflow Developers Survey 2015 and got second place in 2016. The primary purpose of this language was helping developers to build mobile apps that run on Apple devices. Swift eliminates all unsafe codes and carefully tracks all the errors which reduce the incorrect application operation.
Automatic memory management
Interoperable with objective C
Support dynamic library
Offer faster Development
Easy Code Readability
Code maintains is very easy
It supports dynamic library
It is cross-platform
It does not support earlier iOS versions
Lake of third party support of tools and IDE
Talent pool is limited
Development of iOS Application
Mac Os Desktop Application
Php is the most widely used language/platform for web-based apps and website creation today. It is also known as Hypertext preprocessors created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994.
It enables developers to create an interactive dynamic web page that effectively works with the database. It is also considered as a general-purpose programming language that can be easily embedded in HTML files and HTML codes. If you wish to get server-side web development, then this is the language you wish to choose.
Supports object-oriented and functional programming
Easy to learn and execute
Easy to maintain
It is stable
It does not fully secure because it is an open-source language
It is not suitable for large application
Poor Error handling
It does not support a large no of app
Web Application Development
Development of CMS
eCommerce Web Application
Image Processing and Graphics Design
To Development of Data Representation System
Kotlin made its first appearance in 2011 designed by JetBrains. This programming language has gained momentum as an official language for Android and Google. It’s famous as one of the best cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming languages.
Kotlin is a distinct language that is carried out as an aspiration for higher productivity in 2021. This modern language is proven beneficial for beginners and can be used as an entry point for Kotlin web Development. By using the Kotlin multi-platform framework, one can select a shared codebase that runs two platforms at the same time.
There are not enough resources for learning Kotlin
Android Application Development
Native Application Development
Ruby is one of the most considered object-oriented scripting programming languages. Some of the top organizations like Github, Scribd, Groupon, Motorola are using this popular general-purpose programming language. Yukihiro Matsumoto designed it in the mid-’90s.
This flexible language can help you redefine existing parts and allow users to alter their parts as they wish freely. It doesn’t need any variable declaration, and it generally prefers English keywords and some punctuation.
R is a popular programming language developed by Ross Ihaka and Rober Gentleman in 1993. It’s mainly popular among data miners and statisticians for developing advanced statistical software and data analysis.
This programming language includesmachine learning algorithms and allows individuals to analyze data following certain steps:
Programming > Transforming > Discovering > Modeling > Communication
R is specially designed for data science and to do statistics. Due to its lucrative features and high functionality, multiple industries use it.
It is Open Source language
It is Cross-platform
It is a support extension
Support for data wrangling
Connect with other languages
It supports Array of Package
Quality plotting and graphing
Execution Speed is not good
Issues in Data handling
It provides basic security
Scientific Data Analysis
Types of Programming Languages
Developers use suitable programming languages for their own particular project purpose or syntax they want to use to generate instructions. Here are different sorts of programming languages they use-
Using these kinds of languages offers abstraction from the hardware and are depicted in the binary form that is either o or 1 referred to as machine instruction. Low-level languages also have two types-
Assembly level languages
It permits developers to code programs that are not related to the type of computer. These are close to human languages and understandable easily, it’s just that it needs attention for the problem logic. It has advantages like-
Easy to maintain and learn
Portability with the machine-independency
Comparing programming languages is a daunting task. Figuring out what is best for you only depends on your requirements and the futuristic approach you wish to follow in 2021. The languages which are fighting for its acceptance this year can be seen in trending programming languages 2021.
All the languages are essential to developing a next-generation app considering the rapid growth of the industry. These are some of the hottest future programming languages 2021 in any industry helping people to undergo a redefining experience.
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