Top Programming Languages 2020
Technology has a dramatic impact on our lives. As most individuals started to efficiently program computers, programming language became more potent with luxurious features and high functionality.
Programming languages are used to instruct the computer in a language that the computer understands.
Its a set of commands and instructions that empowers humans to instruct and control machines efficiently. It can help you create a software programme integrating rich features keeping up with the recent trends.
Mainly, programming languages are categorized into two categories one is a high-level programming language, and the other is low-level language.
High-level programming languages are designed to be easy to read and understand. It enables developers to write source code in logical words or symbols. The best example of the high-level programming language is Java, C++, PHP, and a lot more.
A low-level programming language provides developers with a minimal amount of abstraction at the smallest possible cost to perform and offer efficiency. A programmed written using low-level programming language can be made to run very quickly with a small memory footprint. The best example of the low-level programming language is assembly language.
So far, thousands of different top programming languages have created. You must be wondering which is the best programming language in 2020? Most of the programming languages consist of instructions for computers to implement algorithms. With several programming languages available, selecting the one can be a daunting task. Furthermore, it has become essential to possess programming knowledge for individuals to get desire placement worldwide.
Let’s know more about the most in-demand programming language among developers worldwide as of 2019.
According to the survey, Python was the most desired language, with 25.7 % of respondents saying that they want to learn it.
New Programming Languages of the Future 2020
To answer your curiosity, here we are listing top 10 programming languages of the future that will emerge in 2020. The coming year is considered as the progressive era in terms of programming languages that might bring the programming world to a new place altogether.
Without further ado, let’s find the new programming languages 2020 for mobile app development, web development, game development and a lot more.
Python was first released in 1991 and created by Guido van Rossum. It’s the first love for any novice user since the early 1980s. Python is one of the simplest languages considered to be a high-level, general-purpose interpreted programming language.
This may surprise you seeing this language here on number #1. Let us help you find the reason. This futuristic user-friendly programming language is fast to code and easy to learn.
According to a report from IEEE Spectrum, Python is a king for a majority of ranking metrics, and it reigns in the enterprise, web, and embedded programming landscapes.
Python is considered as a gold mine of capabilities enabling developers to develop virtual reality-based app offering ultimate user experience. This versatile language is used to develop a variety of applications. It offers a seamless experience and is provided with endless possibilities to create the next big thing using trending technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning.
Advantages of Using Python
- Extensive library support
- Mostly focus on code readability
- Open-source with the ever-growing popularity
- Offer the ability to develop a complex application
- Support a multitude of platforms and systems
Being in the industry for years, it captures the developer’s attention. It first appeared in 1995, with flexible options to run any browser window.
Java is a general-purpose computer network programming language that is simultaneous, class-based, object-oriented, and specially designed to have as few dependencies as possible on execution. It is designed to allow application creators to “write once, run anywhere” (WORA), which means that compiled Java code can run on all Java-supporting systems without recompiling.
A recent survey conducted by the TIOBE index stated, Java has become a top programming language.
It can adapt to a dynamic environment that promotes dynamic allocation of memory by reducing memory waste and increasing application performance. By using a bytecode, which can be readily translated into native machine code, Java achieves exceptionally high efficiency.
Advantages of Using Java
- More secure and easy to understand
- Reuses the code and update software
- Offers utmost security
- Flexible options to run any browser window
- Includes standard java libraries
Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ as an addition of the C language with important, generic programming features.
C++ is one of the influential object-oriented, general-purpose programming languages. It plays a crucial role in developing an advanced game app offering lucrative gameplay.
In this progressive era, C++ language can be used in developing virtual reality on the Unreal Engine 4 platform. It allows developers to create an augmented reality, virtual reality concept without writing the code. For additional features and functionality, developers may require to write the code.
You can easily find a C++ developer with an extraordinary skill set to develop and create great outstanding concepts and games using trending technologies.
Advantages of Using C++
- Multi-paradigm programming language
- Platform independence
- Low-level Manipulation
- Outstanding memory management
This widely-used programming language is easy to use and enables developers to create a high-level application in this language. It works well for the WEBVR platform involved in the production of web-based applications.
- Extended functionality
- Object-oriented programming
- Data validation functionality
- Access several frameworks
- Compatible with several programming languages
Go is Google’s second language that got immense popularity. It constructed by Robert Griesemer and introduced in 2009 at Google. Considering its high-level features, it’s now being used by many businesses around the globe and for a multitude of apps; some of Go’s programming customers are Dropbox, Google, SoundCloud, Cloudflare, Docker and Cloud Foundry.
Go is a compiled programming language that blends security and static language with the efficiency of an interpreted language. This language is modern, multicore computers with other networking skills. It claims that its production processes over 50 million logs a day. It relies entirely on the analysis of static code.
Advantages of Using Golang
- Ideal for building SPAs (single page application)
- Smart documentation
- Comprehensive standard library
- Offer simplicity and scalability
Swift programming language was first introduced in June 2014 worldwide by Apple Inc. For iOS, macOS, iPads, TVOS, watches, Linux, and Z/OS. Its a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, iOS app development programming language.
This powerful and intuitive programming language is designed to work with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa touch framework. Its first award in Stack Overflow Developers Survey 2015 and got the second place in 2016. The primary purpose of this language was helping developers to build mobile apps that run on Apple devices. Swift eliminates all unsafe codes and carefully tracks all the errors which reduce the incorrect application operation.
Advantages of Using Swift
- Automatic memory management
- Interoperable with objective C
- Support dynamic library
- Make code sharing better
- Offer faster development
Php is the most widely used language/platform for web-based apps and website creation today.
It is also known as Hypertext preprocessors created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994.
It enables developers to create an interactive dynamic web page that effectively works with the database. It is also considered as a general-purpose programming language that can be easily embedded in HTML files and HTML codes. If you wish to get server-side web development, then this is the language you wish to choose.
Advantages of Using PHP
- Easy to learn
- First-class debugging with Xdebug
- Large community support
- Offers numerous automation tools
- Supports object-oriented and functional programming
Kotlin made its first appearance in 2011 designed by JetBrains. This programming language has gained momentum as an official language for Android and Google. It’s famous as one of the best cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming languages.
Kotlin is a distinct language that is carried out as an aspiration for higher productivity in 2020. This modern language is proven beneficial for beginners and can be used as an entry point for Kotlin web Development. By using the Kotlin multi-platform framework, one can select a shared codebase that runs two platforms at the same time.
>>>Kotlin vs Java<<<
Advantages of Using Kotlin
- Enhance efficiency
- Highly reliable
- Easy learning curve
- Java Interoperable
- Supports modern programming
Ruby is one of the most considered object-oriented scripting programming languages. Some of the top organizations like Github, Scribd, Groupon, Motorola are using this popular general-purpose programming language. Yukihiro Matsumoto designed it in the mid-’90s.
This flexible language can help you redefine existing parts and allow users to alter their parts as they wish freely. It doesn’t need any variable declaration, and it generally prefers English keywords and some punctuation.
Advantages of Using Ruby
- Consistent performance
- Bug-fee environment
R is a popular programming language developed by Ross Ihaka and Rober Gentleman in 1993. It’s mainly popular among data miners and statisticians for developing advanced statistical software and data analysis.
This programming language includes machine learning algorithms and allows individuals to analyze data following certain steps:
Programming > Transforming > Discovering > Modeling > Communication
R is specially designed for data science and to do statistics. Due to its lucrative features and high functionality, multiple industries use it.
Advantages of Using R
- Open Source programming language
- Support for data wrangling
- Continuously growing
- Connect with other languages
- Engaged community
Comparing programming languages is a daunting task. Figuring out what is best for your only depends on your requirements and the futuristic approach you wish to follow in 2020. The languages which are fighting for its acceptance this year can be seen in trending programming languages 2020.
All the languages are essential to developing a next-generation app considering the rapid growth of the industry. These are some of the hottest future programming languages 2020 in any industry helping people to undergo a redefining experience.